THE REMARKABLE UNTOLD STORY OF PLENYONO GBE WOLO, HARVARD’S FIRST AFRICAN GRADUATE: A Story…

first_imgSunday, June 17, 1917, as Harvard’s president, Abbott Lawrence Lowell, addressed the graduating seniors at the start of Commencement Week, he cautioned them saying “this is no ordinary Baccalaureate Sunday to speak of the careers, the duties, the responsibilities, and the snares of a peaceful life.”1 Then, America was in the throes of war, having declared war on Germany two months earlier, on April 6, entering the fray in World War I.In fact, as Lowell took the podium that afternoon in Appleton Chapel to address Harvard’s Class of 1917, so many of them were absent, having already enlisted in the army, that an editorial in The Harvard Crimson described that year’s commencement “as sad as a dance record at 10 in the morning.”But, among the few members of the Class of 1917 listening to Lowell’s speech that day was a most extraordinary young man, popularly known as “the African prince.”His name was Plenyono Gbe Wolo.Born in Grand Cess, Liberia circa 1883 into a Kru chieftaincy, Wolo would be conferred with his bachelor’s degree a few days later, on June 21, becoming the first African to graduate from Harvard.4“The bugle has sounded and the youth is girding on its armor. The call affects men in three different ways. There are those who could go to battle, but, unless compelled, will not; those who want to go but cannot; and those who both can go and will go. In the community at large there are many of the first of those classes…I have nothing to say to them here, for they are few among our students. The men who graduate this week belong almost wholly to the other two categories…,”5 Lowell continued.And, indeed, “over ninety per cent”6 of the members of Harvard’s Class of 1917, who Lowell would later refer to as “the choicest of their kind”7 joined the war effort.Some would pay the ultimate price, while others were recognized for valor in combat, including Archibald Roosevelt, the son of Theodore Roosevelt, America’s 26th President and Eugene Leon Coates Davidson, an African American student on Harvard’s varsity wrestling team.Wolo too was no less the choicest of his kind and the story of his journey from his village and kinfolks to become a student at one of America’s mostWolo was popularly known at Harvard as ‘the African prince’Plenyono Gbe Woloprestigious universities, treading the same corridors of knowledge as the sons of America’s rich and powerful, is certainly a remarkable one.The Progeny Of A Proud African TribeThe son of Plenyono Gbe and Wle (Jle) Wolo, 8 he was the progeny of a noble cultural heritage. Wolo’s tribe—the Kru—were a seafaring people dispersed mainly along the coast of Liberia. One of the first Africans to encounter European voyagers along the West African coast, they became “infamous amongst early European enslavers as being especially opposed to capture.”9According to one legendary tale, after 500 Kru warriors were captured by some Muslim tribesmen following a bloody battle and heard that they would be sold into slavery, they “killed themselves in less than four nights.”10 Commenting on this tragic exploit, a Muslim writer wrote: “With death as his refuge, the enslavement of the Kroo (sic) is an impossible task.”11An impervious people therefore, the Kru resisted the usurping of their way of life by interlopers, including attempts by Liberia’s African-American founders to subjugate them to the authority of the fledgling nation’s central government. And, by 1883, around the time of Wolo’s birth, some 36 years afterLiberia’s founding, the Kru had fought several internecine wars with the government, and would do so up till as late as 1915, becoming the last indigenous people to vest authority to the government.As the son of a Kru paramount chief, 12 Wolo seemed to have been especially inculcated into this proud tradition, because, despite his conversion to Christianity, he did not adopt a ‘Christian name’ as was customary at the time for most indigenous youth after conversion.It is unclear exactly when Wolo converted to Christianity and/or commenced his schooling but, he apparently met a Methodist missionary named Reverend James B. Robertson in 1899, “who was instrumental in having him enrolled at the Monrovia Seminary.”13In an 1891 report of the activities of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, which Rev. Robertson worked for, he was described as “a hard worker” for his work among the Kru in Grand Cess, Wolo’s birthplace.“He preaches daily, and teaches a number of boys. He has this year baptized seven who professed to have savingly (sic) received Christ…Scores are reported as seekers, but so many of them go to sea that it is hard to keep track of them, though some return with a good report,”14 the report noted.Rev. Robertson, therefore, had been working in Grand Cess for a number of years so it is quite probably then that Wolo would have, at the least, been acquainted with Robertson, and/or his missionary work, even before 1899.Also, Rev. Robertson would have certainly known Wolo’s father, Chief Gbe, the Paramount Chief of Grand Cess, most probably even from the time he arrived in Grand Cess, because he would have solicited the chief’s endorsement to live among the people and carry out his work.Plenyono Gbe WoloLeaving Village and Kinfolks: A Quest for Intellectual AdvancementThe Monrovia Seminary was the principal school of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Founded in 1839, it was one of the earliest institutions in Africa to offer a Westernized curriculum.15 According to an 1857 report of the school’s activities, its principal, Reverend J. W. Horne, noted that the students were studying courses such as History, Geography, English Grammar, Latin Grammar, Arithmetic, Physiology, and Natural Philosophy.By the time Wolo arrived at the Seminary, it was run by an African-American educator and missionary, Alexander P. Camphor, the son of former slaves.After taking over the school in 1896, Dr. Camphor “brought new life to the seminary…and by the close of his first year of administration he had begun the reorganization of the school to a high school…”wologradfullFor 10 years, Dr. Camphor and his wife “worked tirelessly” to transform the school into a leading institution of learning, which was subsequently renamed the College of West Africa.Wolo attended the Seminary at the crux of these transformations. And, Dr. Camphor, a man who “had shown such strength, both in scholarship and character that he was at once called to the Chair of Mathematics in his alma mater,” New Orleans University, would have certainly played a key role in igniting Wolo’s aspiration for further intellectual advancement.In his book, Missionary Story Sketches and Folklore from Africa, Dr. Camphor gushes about the “marvelous” transformation a few years of education could work in the lives of native children.“Children with such life as these free, happy youngsters have are usually bright and apt at books, so in our educational system we have arranged to admit them from the lowest grades on up to the more advanced classes, and they take to books with the same enthusiasm and success they show in their sports and fun. No department of our school work is more enjoyed by our teachers than the work among our “young hopefuls,” and none holds out a more cheering sign of promise for Africa’s uplift and redemption,” noted Dr. Camphor.By Camphor’s reckoning therefore, Wolo would have been the epitome of one of those “young hopefuls” when he graduated from the Seminary in 1908.Then, in 1910, through the assistance of Dr. Camphor and another Methodist missionary called Mary Sharp, Wolo travelled to the US to attend Mount Hermon School, a preparatory boarding school in Massachusetts founded in 1881 by a Protestant evangelist named Dwight Lyman Moody.In addition to the assistance from Camphor and Sharp, Wolo’s fellow Kru tribesman, Dihdwo Twe, also played a pivotal role in helping him gain admission into Mount Hermon.Born in 1879, Twe left Liberia in the later part of 1899 with only twenty-five cents in his pocket and, travelling by way of England, he arrived in America in March 1900.While in America, Twe attended St. Johnsbury Academy in Vermont, Burdett Business College in Massachusetts, as well as Columbia University and Harvard University.Twe forged relationships with several prominent persons during his time in America, one of whom he would call upon to assist Wolo financially at Mount Hermon.Upon returning to Liberia, Twe apparently worked to afford indigenous youth “carefully selected from the leading families of influential centers and royalties…,” the same opportunity he had to study in America.Whether Twe and Wolo were acquaintances during their youth is not clear, but as the son of a Kru paramount chief, Wolo fitted the profile of the kinds of indigenous youth Twe desired to help obtain further studies in America.In Wolo’s application to enter Mount Hermon, which was submitted by Twe on Wolo’s behalf, he said his reason for wanting Wolo to attend Mount Hermon was “because I realize that to help our people effectively and successfully our education must be thorough in scientific knowledge and strong in Christian training. I believe and know that he’ll get the right kind of Christian training at Mt. Hermon.”Twe also wrote a letter to Reverend Percy S. Grant, an Episcopalian priest, who he described as “one of my best friends in America,” regarding providing financial support for Wolo. And, despite his initial reservation, Grant would cover the cost for Wolo’s tuition and board for two terms, and also provide him with stipends during his time at Mount Hermon.An astute student, Wolo spent only three terms at Mount Hermon, graduating in 1913 before matriculating to Harvard. Wolo entered Harvard as a freshman in the 1913-14 academic year, “where he proved to be so advanced in his studies of English that he was exempted from the second semester of the freshman course.”While at Harvard, Wolo was also active in several student clubs and did not seem to shy away from taking the lead. In fact, on October 8, 1913, though just a wet behind the ear freshman, Wolo delivered the speech on behalf the incoming international students – “60 men representing at least 15 countries” – at an evening reception held in their honor.He was elected first as the treasurer of the Cosmopolitan Club in 1915 31 and then vice president, a year later. He was also a member of the Christian Association, leading the association’s weekly meeting on the topic “Little Things” on October 24, 1915.33 Wolo was also a member of Harvard Mission, which purpose was “to increase the participation of Harvard men in the work of Christian Missions.”After Harvard, Wolo proceeded to Columbia University, where he obtained his master’s degree in 1919 and Union Theological Seminary (UTS), where he obtained a bachelor of divinity degree in 1922, following in the footsteps of his former principal, Dr. Camphor, who had also studied at both institutions.Plenyono Gbe WoloHomecoming: Advancing Education Among His PeopleImmediately after completing his studies, Wolo returned to Liberia in 1922 “with financial backing from a number of US patrons including the Harvard president Abbott Lawrence Lowell, to open a day school in his native village of Grand Cess,” where he “began his lifework, the educational, economic, and social advancement of his people.”However, Wolo’s relationship with some of his US patrons became frayed after a while, with some accusing him of reverting to the ways of witch doctors and having “succumbed to the drag of native inertia.”Apparently, Wolo’s aspirations for the education and social advancement of his people must have run contrary to the “civilizing mission” of his patrons, which was rooted in the racist paternalism and cultural hegemony of the time.He, therefore, sought to forge an independent course and, in one particular instance, incurred the reprobation of Thomas Jesse Jones, one of the directors of The Phelps-Stokes Fund, which mission was to promote education in Africa, among other things. “Mr. Wolo will need every possible influence to lead him to see that the way of salvation is not in independent action but in cooperation,”40 Jones said, regarding the need to reel Wolo in.After several years working to promote education among his people, Wolo worked as an assistant divisional manager for the Firestone Rubber Company from 1926-1929, “where he helped to solve labor problems and collaborated in the establishment of a plantation school system.”During this time, he also studied law privately and was admitted to the Liberian bar in 1929, becoming an attorney and counselor at law. In 1930, Wolo was appointed as the Secretary of the International Commission of Inquiry into the Existence of Slavery and Forced Labor in Liberia, whose findings resulted in the resignation of President Charles D. B. King and his Vice President, Allen N. Yancy.Wolo then became a professor of economics at his alma mater, the College of West Africa, in 1937, before being appointed two years later as assistant secretary of the Education Board of Liberia and a director of the Banking Corporation of Liberia.Wolo also served as the editor of a newspaper called Liberian Sentinel, and, for a time, even entertained political ambitions “but the political elite of the day erected effective roadblocks.”Plenyono Gbe WoloWolo died in Monrovia on June 2, 1940 and was survived by his wife, the former Mary Elizabeth Hansford.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Last-gasp Robben, Vidal put Bayern seven clear

first_imgRobben netted just 60 seconds later to seal victory in the Bavaria derby.It was a deserved win for Bayern after Robert Lewandowski hit the crossbar late on and had a first-half effort cleared off the line.“It was an important win for us and gives us a lot of self-confidence for Wednesday,” said Bayern coach Carlo Ancelotti.Bayern Munich’s Dutch midfielder Arjen Robben reacts after scoring a late goal against Ingolstadt on February 11, 2017 © AFP / Christof STACHE“The first-half was very difficult, we couldn’t find any space. Ingolstadt were very strong defensively.“We had to give everything, we gave everything and we’re happy with the result.”Bayern’s main rivals, RB Leipzig, Eintracht Frankfurt and Borussia Dortmund, all lost.Second-placed Leipzig lost for the second week in a row in crashing 3-0 at home to Hamburg, who escaped the bottom three. RB were two goals down after 24 minutes in a nightmare first-half as they conceded two headers from almost identical situations.Bayern Munich’s Philipp Lahm (C) and Ingolstadt’s Mathew Leckie vie for the ball during their Bundesliga match on February 11, 2017 © AFP / Christof STACHECentre-back Kyriakos Papadopoulos leapt highest to put them Hamburg ahead on 18 minutes.The second goal followed six minutes later, again from a Nicolai Mueller corner, when Brazil midfielder Walace was unmarked in the middle.Leipzig coach Ralph Hasenhuettl responded by substituting overwhelmed centre-back Dayot Upamecano, who made his starting debut, for forward Yussuf Poulsen after half an hour.– ‘Spectators in defence’ –Hamburg players celebrate after their third goal during the German First division Bundesliga football match RB Leipzig vs Hamburger SV in Leipzig on February 11, 2017 © AFP / John MACDOUGALLBut Poulsen lasted barely ten minutes before going off injured to be replaced by Davie Selke just before the break.Hamburg grabbed a late third when replacement Aaron Hunt scored with his first touch.“We were just spectators in defence and did almost everything wrong up front,” admitted Hasenhuettl.“That was untypical of us, but we are all human. We have to improve our presentation and not dwell on this.”Third-placed Frankfurt lost 3-0 at Bayer Leverkusen as Javier ‘Chicharito’ Hernandez scored two superb goals to take the pressure off coach Roger Schmidt following back-to-back defeats.Leipzig’s head coach Ralph Hasenhuettl reacts during the German First division Bundesliga football match RB Leipzig vs Hamburger SV in Leipzig on February 11, 2017 © AFP / John MACDOUGALLChicharito volleyed home a cross on five minutes, then doubled the tally on 63 minutes when he slammed home the cross with his first touch before Kevin Volland netted Leverkusen’s third.Fourth-placed Dortmund crashed 2-1 at bottom side DarmstadtThomas Tuchel named three teenagers in Dortmund’s starting line-up in their final match before Tuesday’s Champions League last 16, first-leg, match at Benfica.Dzenis Burnic made his debut in defence, the second 18-year-old in the starting line-up alongside US international midfielder Christian Pulisic, while attacking midfielder Emre Mor is only 19.It backfired as Darmstadt went ahead on 21 minutes when US international striker Terrence Boyd, on loan from Leipzig, was unmarked.Leverkusen’s Javier Hernandez (Chicharito) celebrates scoring the 2-0 during their match against Eintracht Frankfurt in Leverkusen, western Germany, on February 11, 2017 © AFP / SASCHA SCHUERMANNDortmund’s Germany winger Marco Reus hit the crossbar from a free-kick on 32 minutes before midfielder Raphael Guerreiro levelled with a bullet shot just before the half-time break.But Darmstadt sealed the win when Antonio-Mirko Colak got in behind the defence and slotted his shot Dortmund goalkeeper Roman Burki’s legs.Borussia Moechengladbach climbed to ninth as Thorgan Hazard, brother of Chelsea star Eden, scored in their 1-0 win at Werder Bremen, who drop into the bottom three.Schalke moved up two places to 11th on Saturday night with a 2-0 win at home to Hertha Berlin thanks to goals by striker Guido Burgstaller and midfielder Leon Goretzka.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Bayern Munich’s Arturo Vidal celebrates after their Bundesliga away win at Ingolstadt on February 11, 2017 © AFP / Christof STACHEBerlin, Germany, Feb 11 – Arturo Vidal and Arjen Robben netted last-minute goals in Bayern Munich’s 2-0 win at Ingolstadt on Saturday to open a seven-point lead as their main Bundesliga rivals all lost.Bayern, who host Arsenal on Wednesday in the Champions League last 16 first leg, broke the deadlock when Vidal ghosted in behind the Ingolstadt defence and put his side ahead on 90 minutes.last_img read more

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Legendary 49ers coach Bill Walsh dies

first_imgSAN FRANCISCO – Bill Walsh, the groundbreaking football coach who won three Super Bowls and perfected the ingenious schemes that became known as the West Coast offense during a Hall of Fame career with the San Francisco 49ers, has died. He was 75. Walsh died early Monday following a long battle with leukemia, according to Stanford University. Walsh didn’t become an NFL head coach until 47, and he spent just 10 seasons on the San Francisco sideline. But he left an indelible mark on the United States’ most popular sport, building the once-woebegone 49ers into the most successful team of the 1980s with his innovative offensive strategies and teaching techniques. The soft-spoken native Californian also produced a legion of coaching disciples that’s still growing today. Many of his former assistants went on to lead their own teams, handing down Walsh’s methods and schemes to dozens more coaches in a tree with innumerable branches. He also helped to establish the World League of American Football – now NFL Europe – in 1994, taking the sport around the globe as a development ground for the NFL. Walsh was diagnosed with leukemia in 2004, and underwent months of treatment and blood transfusions. He publicly disclosed his illness in November 2006, but appeared at a tribute for retired receiver Jerry Rice two weeks later. While Walsh recuperated from a round of chemotherapy in late 2006, he received visits from former players and assistant coaches, as well as California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sen. Dianne Feinstein. Born William Ernest Walsh on Nov. 30, 1931 in Los Angeles, he was a self-described “average” end and a sometime boxer at San Jose State in 1952-53. Walsh, whose family moved to the Bay Area when he was a teenager, married his college sweetheart, Geri Nardini, in 1954 and started his coaching career at Washington High School in Fremont, leading the football and swim teams. He had stints as an assistant at California and Stanford before beginning his pro coaching career as an assistant with the AFL’s Oakland Raiders in 1966, forging a friendship with Al Davis that endured through decades of rivalry. Walsh joined the Cincinnati Bengals in 1968 to work for legendary coach Paul Brown, who gradually gave complete control of the Bengals’ offense to his assistant. Walsh built a scheme based on the teachings of Davis, Brown and Sid Gillman – and Walsh’s own innovations, which included everything from short dropbacks and novel receiving routes to constant repetition of every play in practice. Though it originated in Cincinnati, it became known many years later as the West Coast offense – a name Walsh never liked or repeated, but which eventually grew to encompass his offensive philosophy and the many tweaks added by Holmgren, Shanahan and other coaches. Much of the NFL eventually ran a version of the West Coast in the 1990s, with its fundamental belief that the passing game can set up an effective running attack, rather than the opposite conventional wisdom. Walsh also is widely credited with inventing or popularizing many of the modern basics of coaching, from the laminated sheets of plays held by coaches on almost every sideline, to the practice of scripting the first 15 offensive plays of a game. After a bitter falling-out with Brown in 1976, Walsh left for stints with the San Diego Chargers and Stanford before the 49ers chose him to rebuild the franchise in 1979. The long-suffering 49ers went 2-14 before Walsh’s arrival. They repeated the record in his first season, with a dismal front-office structure and weak-willed ownership. Walsh doubted his abilities to turn around such a miserable situation – but earlier in 1979, the 49ers drafted quarterback Joe Montana from Notre Dame. Walsh turned over the starting job to Montana in 1980, when the 49ers improved to 6-10 – and improbably, San Francisco won its first championship in 1981, just two years after winning two games. Championships followed in the postseasons of 1984 and 1988 as Walsh built a consistent winner and became an icon with his inventive offense and thinking-man’s approach to the game. He also showed considerable acumen in personnel, adding Ronnie Lott, Charles Haley, Roger Craig and Rice to his rosters after he was named the 49ers’ general manager in 1982 and the president in 1985. “Bill pushed us all to be perfect,” Montana said years later. “That’s all he could handle as a coach, and he taught all of us to be the same way.” Walsh left the 49ers with a profound case of burnout after his third Super Bowl victory in January 1989, though he later regretted not coaching longer. He spent three years as a broadcaster with NBC before returning to Stanford for three seasons. He then took charge of the 49ers’ front office in 1999, helping to rebuild the roster over three seasons. But Walsh gradually cut ties with the 49ers after his hand-picked successor as GM, Terry Donahue, took over in 2001. Walsh was widely thought to be disappointed with John York, DeBartolo’s brother-in-law who seized control of the team in 1998 and presided over the 49ers’ regression to the bottom of the league. But Walsh stayed active with charity work, writing, lecturing and posts on various advisory boards. He also became more involved at San Jose State, directing a search committee to hire a new athletic director and football coach in 2004, and served in various leadership positions at Stanford. Walsh wrote two books and taught classes at the Stanford Graduate School of Business. “I’m doing what I want to do,” he told the AP in an interview in 2004. “I hope I never run out of things that interest me, and so far, that hasn’t happened.” Walsh’s son, Steve, an ABC News reporter, died of leukemia at age 46 in 2002.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Walsh went 102-63-1 with the 49ers, winning 10 of his 14 postseason games along with six division titles. He was named the NFL’s coach of the year in 1981 and 1984. And few men did more to shape the look of football into the 21st century. His cerebral nature and often-brilliant stratagems earned him the nickname “The Genius” well before his election to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1993. Walsh twice served as the 49ers’ general manager, and George Seifert led San Francisco to two more Super Bowl titles after Walsh left the sideline. Walsh also coached Stanford during two terms over five seasons. Even a short list of Walsh’s adherents is stunning. Seifert, Mike Holmgren, Dennis Green, Sam Wyche, Ray Rhodes and Bruce Coslet all became NFL head coaches after serving on Walsh’s San Francisco staffs, and Tony Dungy played for him. Most of his former assistants passed on Walsh’s structures and strategies to a new generation of coaches, including Mike Shanahan, Jon Gruden, Brian Billick, Andy Reid, Pete Carroll, Gary Kubiak, Steve Mariucci and Jeff Fisher. Walsh created the Minority Coaching Fellowship program in 1987, helping minority coaches to get a foothold in a previously lily-white profession. Marvin Lewis and Tyrone Willingham are among the coaches who went through the program, later adopted as a league-wide initiative. last_img read more

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Pochettino ‘managed like a rookie manager’ in final, says Cascarino

first_img“I think it is silly because you cannot prepare a player for a match, especially of this magnitude.“I felt Poch really managed his team like a rookie manager.“Poch got it wrong last night. It’s hard to criticise a guy who has done so brilliantly for a football club and like we chatted earlier about the finances of the club, being competitive, it has been exceptional. Green reveals how he confronted Sarri after Chelsea’s 6-0 defeat at Man City Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Mauricio Pochettino chose to drop Lucas Moura for the Champions League final Cascarino told talkSPORT’s Weekend Sports Breakfast that the Spurs boss got the big calls wrong for the final.He said: “Kane, Winks and Trippier were three names I had written down yesterday morning.“Kane, I just didn’t get it at all. Football is littered with some clubs, and internationally, that selected players who have been injured and I don’t like it. “Poch had all the decisions to make in this game and not Klopp as we knew how they played and their personnel, we knew that.“I think his team lack experience because he is always wanting to improve players. Poch has always gone for that.“He wants to get a player in and make them better. He’s done that and that’s fine but you are missing that in the final.” 2 huge blow Getty REVEALED 2 no dice Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury deals tense Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Tony Cascarino felt Mauricio Pochettino got his decisions wrong for the Champions League final and ‘managed like a rookie manager’.Tottenham were beaten 2-0 by Liverpool at the Wanda Metropolitano in Madrid on Saturday.Pochettino decided to drop semi-final hat-trick hero Lucas Moura in favour of Harry Kane, who had not played since picking up an ankle injury in the quarter-final with Manchester City. gameday cracker REPLY Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars Getty shining Mauricio Pochettino and Jurgen Klopp shake hands after the final whistle in Madrid LATEST FOOTBALL NEWSlast_img read more

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Nancy Virginia Wright, 67 of Paoli, IN

first_imgFuneral Home. Pastor James Walters officiating.  Interment will follow in the Mt Gilead Cemetery in Paoli.  Visitation will be held Friday, February 24, 2017 from 2pm to 8pm andSaturday from 9am till time of service at Dillman-Scott Funeral Home 226 West Campbell Street in Paoli, IN.  Online Condolences may be at Dillman-Scott Funeral Home.com Worked at:  Progress Examiner of Orleans/ Paoli News Republican / Springs Valley Herald,  Orange County Publishing for total of 38 years.  She received numerous journalism and writing awards from the Hoosier State Press Association for outstanding journalism and news reporting throughout her career with all county newspapers. Nancy Virginia Wright, 67 of Paoli, IN. passed away  4:30 pm February 20, 2017 at Kindred Rehab Jewish Hospital in Louisville KY.  She was born on October 12, 1949 in Paoli Indiana to John Arthur & Alta May Long Slayton. Attended Paoli Community Schools with the class of 1967 She married:  James (Jim) A. Wright on July 15, 1964. Proceeded in death by her Parents, 3 Brothers (John Slayton, Paul Slayton, and Donald Slayton) & 1 Granddaughter.center_img Survived by Husband Jim, Paoli, IN4 Sons – Jimmy Dale Wright,  Brian Ray Wright, Kelly Gene Wright & Tracy Jay Wright (all of Paoli, IN.)1- Brother Kenny Slayton of Paoli, IN 1- Aunt Helen Magill of Orleans, IN8- Grandchildren6- Step Grandchildren3- Great GrandchildrenMany nieces & nephews on both sides of her family Funeral Services will be at 11:00 AM, Saturday February 25, 2017 at Dillman-Scott Received a Journalism Degree from North Wood Institute in West Baden. Nancy was an avid supporter of the Public Library.  Donations to the Library on her behalf will be greatly appreciated.   Paoli Public Library, 100 W Water St. Paoli, IN.last_img read more

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Free Email Services That Don’t Require Phone Verification

first_imgImagine you need a free email account, an account that is separate from your main email account. Perhaps you want a new email account for online purchases. Or for subscribing to email newsletters. Or maybe, you’ve never had an email account. Whatever the reason, setting up a free email account with an email service should be straightforward, right? Not lately. What’s Changed with Email Services?What I’ve noticed over the past five years, is that email services are now asking for a phone number for verification. Likely due to the amount of spam email we all receive. But asking for a phone number can create a barrier. Services like Google or Zoho ask for a unique phone number to be associated with the account. But if you already have an account with them and have used your phone number, you can’t associate a new email account with the same phone number. In some cases, services only allow smartphones to be used for that unique phone number so you can be texted for verification.What happens when you don’t have another phone number to use for verification? Limited Email ServicesIf you want to create a free email account and don’t have a phone number for verification, there are choices. Sadly, there aren’t a lot of choices for someone who:Doesn’t want to, or can’t, provide a phone numberWants to protect their privacyI researched online for services that fit both criteria, and I’ve found some options to consider.Note: I researched the options this month (June 2019) and all were available without phone verification. But policies often change, so be aware of possible future changes.Free Email Services That Don’t Require Phone VerificationProtonMailBased in Switzerland, ProtonMail is my recommended choice for an additional email account.Why? In addition to not requiring you to provide a phone number for verification, ProtonMail is a privacy-focused email service. They can provide encryption of your messages.Signing up for your ProtonMail account is a three-step process, which takes less than a minute.Choose your username and domain (either protonmail.com or protonmail.ch)Create a passwordOptionally add a recovery email address (if you need to recover your account)You don’t have to enter your name to get a ProtonMail account. Pros:Quick to set upPrivacy focused500MB storage150 messages a dayCreate encrypted and automatic expiring email messagesiOS and Android apps available, along with browser accessCons:No additional features other than emailNo recovery options, other than your optional recovery email accountLimited storage. A premium account will get you more storage, filters, labels, usage of your own domain name.Mail.comA free email service owned by 1&1 Mail & Media Inc., Mail.com offers a more feature-filled free email account. Their data center is based in Kansas in the United States. Signing up for a free account requires you to enter your first name, last name, country, state (if applicable), security question, password, and your method of verification.In less than a couple minutes, you’ll have a new email account. Note: the default verification methoid is SMS, but the second option is email. So you must have an existing email account if you don’t want to use phone verification. Pros: Manage multiple accounts2GB of storageChoose from over 200 unique domain names (example: consultant.com, mail.com, accountant.com, etc.)Send large files up to 50MBSpam filter and virus protectionOnline calendarAvailable on smartphone, tablet, or desktop computerCons: You must have an existing email account for verification. The only verification options are email or SMS.Ads will be displayed. You can opt out, but in some cases, opting out is based on device you’re using. If you upgrade to their premium service, no ads will be shown.Depending on your email usage, you may need more space.Wrapping UpIn the past, it was a lot easier to create a free email account without having to provide a phone number. Not so any more. Of the two options, I recommend ProtonMail if you’re looking for an email service that focuses on your privacy and doesn’t ask a lot of questions when you sign up. Mail.com is a good choice if you’re looking for more features (calendar, more storage, etc.), while providing more information about yourself during signup. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading…RelatedThe State of Phishing [Infographic]The email message from your financial institution looks valid, warning you about a security issue on your account, but how can you be sure it’s not a phishing attack? Phishing is an attempt to trick users into providing personal information by using email messages, websites, or phone calls. In the…In “Internet”West Metro Detroit WordPress: What to Look for in a Web HostI was frustrated. I needed to talk with my web host’s customer support about an issue on my new site. But I couldn’t find their 24-hour phone number for support. Two weeks earlier, I signed up for a hosting plan at a new web host, expecting to move my testing…In “Internet”Takeaways from The Science of Email Marketing with Dan ZarrellaYesterday, I had the pleasure of attending “The Science of Email Marketing” from HubSpot. The host, Dan Zarrella, HubSpot social media scientist and author of O’Reilly Media’s The Social Media Marketing Book, did an outstanding job sharing his insights from a study of 9,536,510,424 emails sent through the MailChimp email…In “Email marketing”last_img read more

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South Africa – and Johannesburg – the richest in Africa

first_imgA view of the Sandton central business district in northern Johannesburg, which has the largest square metreage of office space in South Africa. The nearby suburb of Sandhurst is home to the largest number of dollar millionaires on the continent. (Image: South African Tourism. Click for a larger view.) • Andrew Amoils Head of reports team New World Wealth+27 11 884 3836 andrew@nw-wealth.com • South Africa’s competitive advantage in the developing world • Strong showing in global competitiveness • Slow but steady: South Africa’s economy on the upward path • Brewing business success: SAB Miller’s Graham Mackay • South Africa’s black middle class on the riseSulaiman PhilipOver the next year 262 000 square metres of new office space will come on line in Sandton, northern Johannesburg – more than three times the amount of space developed in 2012, and 61% of all new commercial construction in South Africa. Sandton is set to have the country’s largest concentration of office space, surpassing the southern Johannesburg CBD’s 166 700 square metres, and pushing Cape Town, with its 93 5208 square metres of office space, down to third.All this construction will add more than 8 700 cars to the 19 500 driving into the Sandton area during the week. As odd as it may seem, the annoyance of daily traffic jams are a sign of a booming economy.The cranes dotting Sandton’s skyline are a concrete reminder that South Africa remains the largest and strongest economy in Africa. According to a new report, Wealth Statistics in Africa (PDF), compiled by consultancy New World Wealth, the average South African is now worth $11 310, up from $4 200 in 2000. The consultancy puts this 169% rise in per capita wealth down to policies protecting asset ownership, a well-regulated banking system, and a free and independent media.Security of investmentAccording to Andrew Amoils, a senior analyst at New World Wealth, while South Africa is still the strongest economy on the continent, this growth is slowing. For example, over the same period Angola grew by 737%. But investor security is what South Africa has over other African nations, Amoils said. “The right to own anything in South Africa is firm and this gives investors confidence and a will to buy anything from property to other assets in the country without worrying about ownership. Proper banking systems boosted investors’ confidence in the country and also promoted the circulation of cash.”The New World Wealth study analysed trends in 19 African countries between 2000 and 2013. It used government statistics covering income distribution to determine per capita wealth. Primary residences were excluded in the study, but assets, investments and equities were counted. The research pegged the total value of individual wealth in South Africa at $571.2-billion last year – with most of it concentrated in the City of Johannesburg, of which Sandton forms part.Starting with the discovery of gold in 1886, Johannesburg has grown into the economic engine of Africa. This “world class African city” (as the municipal slogan goes) of 4.4-million people lays claim to being the largest city not built on a near a major water source, and the world’s largest urban artificial forest. Johannesburg is now also home to the highest concentration of dollar millionaires in Africa.There are now more than 23 000 high net worth individuals who call the city home (PDF) – and 285 are multimillionaires, defined as having net assets worth more than $30 million. On average he – and it is a man – is black and in his mid-50s. He lives in Sandhurst and his wealth is derived from black economic empowerment deals. He owns his multimillion-rand home and spends his money on art, classic cars and private jets.The African listDespite its impressive growth, Angola was just ninth on the Wealth Statistics in Africa list. Libya was second with $11 040 per capita and Namibia third at $10 500. Ethiopia, by the consultancy’s measure, was the poorest country in Africa, with wealth per person of only $260. Zimbabwe dropped the furthest on the list, down to just $570.The global average is $27 600, but South Africa ranked healthily with its partners in the Brics grouping of major developing economies. Compared to South Africa’s $11 310, per capita wealth in Brazil is $20 000, in China it is $14 000, with India bringing up the rear at less than $2 000.Growth to benefit allAn assessment by the World Bank in April 2013 found that African economies, except for South Africa, grew faster than the global average. The biggest challenge is to keep growth on track to raise the quality of life of all Africans, according to Makhtar Diop, World Bank vice president for Africa. “Without investment in electricity generation and higher agricultural productivity, Africa’s development future cannot prosper. The good news is that governments in Africa are intent on changing this.”Angel Gurria, general secretary of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), makes the case that income equality remains the biggest challenge facing countries today, especially developing economies like South Africa. Higher growth rates have not translated to better living standards across income groups.In South Africa’s Brics partner, Brazil, the earnings ratio between the richest 10% and the poorest is 27:1; the difference in South Africa is more than 100:1. “High levels of inequality generate high costs for society, dampening social mobility, undermining the labour market prospects of vulnerable social groups, and creating social unrest.”Income inequality is one of the biggest challenges facing the country. The profound societal changes the country has undergone in 20 years have sharpened the inequality. But massive social grant and community development programmes have prevented the gap from widening further.Government spending on health and education – 5.3% of GDP for education and 4.6% for health – has also helped to curb inequality. Research by the OECD has shown that spending on social programmes and improvements to healthcare and education go a long way to creating equal opportunities for all.Economic expansion throughout Africa has seen the percentage of people living on less than $1.25 a day – the World Bank measure of poverty – fall to 48.5% from an estimated 58% between 1996 and 2013.Gurria and the OECD have decided to take a holistic approach to measuring living standards. They have developed new, measurable dimensions on top of income and GDP to measure societal wellbeing.“Life satisfaction, personal safety, and work-life balance matter as well. Social cohesion and inclusive growth are additional crucial perspectives to incorporate into public policies, targeting a renewed social contract that reduces inequalities and benefits the whole of society.”last_img read more

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Cloud Computing Brings Permanent Cost Reductions in IT Infrastructure

first_imgEconomies of scale: The service provider becomes an expert in the field and can deliver the service more efficiently at lower administrative costs than any other provider, possibly at a lower price than the cost of implementing the same service in house.  (OpEx)The infrastructure is shared across multiple tenants. (CapEx)Application software licensing costs are shared across tenants.(OpEx) The IT organization can defer server purchases and decommision data centers as in house capabilities are phased out in favor of cloud services (CapEx) A third alternative comes from technology refreshes as shown below. Expensive and slow capital procurement processes are no longer necessary. (CapEx) The environment is virtualized allowing dynamic consolidation.  Servers are run at the most efficient utilization sweet spot, and hence fewer servers overall are required to deliver a given capability. (CapEx) The introduction of a new technology, lowers the cost of doing business, seen as a cost dip. Costs can be managed through aggressive “treadmill” of technology adoption, but this does not fix the general uptrend, and not many organizations are willing or even capable of sustaining this technology innovation schedule.Finally, the adoption of cloud computing will likely lead to a structural and sustainable cost reduction for the foreseeable future due to the synergies of reuse. As in the outsourcing case, there is an initial bump in cost due to the upfront investment needed and while the organization readjusts and goes through the learning curve.Cloud computing reduces both capital and operational expenses through multiple factors: The traditional IT infrastructure is highly siloed.  Once these silos are broken, there is no need to overprovision to meet peak workloads. (CapEx) Virtualization and cloud computing bring costs down by enabling the reuse and sharing of physical and application resources  leads to a more efficient and higher degree of utilization for that particular resource.Most IT organizations today are under enormous pressure to keep their budgets in check. Their costs are going up, but their budgets are flat to decreasing as illustrated in the figure below.  This is more true than ever in this period of economic and financial crisis. The situation is not sustainable and eventually leads to unpleasant conditions such as slower technology refresh cycles, reduced expectations for IT value delivered and layoffs. The service re-use inherent in cloud computing promises long lasting relief from the cost treadmill.Conceptually, a portion of IT budgets is used to maintain existing projects.  It’s the portion dedicated to maintain office productivity applications help desk or the organization that provides telephone services. This portion is important because is the part that “keeps the business running” (KTBR). In most IT organizations, the KTBR portion takes the lion’s share of the budget. The downside is that the KTBR is backward looking, and it’s only the leftover portion that can be applied to grow the business. There is another problem: the KTBR portion left unchecked tends to grow faster than IT budgets overall, and the situation can’t stay unchecked forever. A number of strategies have been used in IT organizations to keep the KTBR growth in check. Perhaps the most oft used in the past few years is the outsourcing of certain applications such as payroll and HR applications such as expense reports and the posting of open positions in the corporation.  When outsourcing (and perhaps off-shoring) is brought in, costs actually go up a notch as reorganizations take place and contracts are negotiated. Once the outsourcing plans are implemented costs may go down, but still have the problem of sustainability. Part of the initial cost reductions comes from salary arbitrage, especially when the service providers in lower cost countries.  Unfortunately the cost benefit from salary arbitrage tends to diminish with time as these countries advance technically and economically.last_img read more

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Mertens pledges future to Inter?

first_imgThere are reports Napoli striker Dries Mertens has already agreed to join Inter as a free agent next summer for a salary of €6m per season. According to Sunday’s edition of the Corriere dello Sport and Gazzetta dello Sport, the Belgian has worked out basic personal terms to remain in Serie A, albeit at San Siro with a Nerazzurri jersey. It’d be a two-year contract with option for a third, worth €6m per season, including various bonuses. As he’ll be 33 by the end of this season, the deal could also include provisions for a future spell at Inter’s sister club Jiangsu Suning in China. Mertens has been at Napoli since 2013 when he arrived from PSV Eindhoven, but his contract is due to expire in June 2020. President Aurelio De Laurentiis has repeatedly suggested he does not want to keep Mertens on his current salary and would only sign him – and Jose Callejon – to a new deal at a vastly reduced rate. Mertens will be free to start negotiating a contract with another club from January and the Corriere dello Sport maintains he has already been approached by Antonio Conte’s Inter. With that in mind, Napoli could try to sell Mertens in the January transfer window to at least make back some money. Watch Serie A live in the UK on Premier Sports for just £11.99 per month including live LaLiga, Eredivisie, Scottish Cup Football and more. Visit: https://subscribe.premiersports.tv/last_img read more

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